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Cover (...) "Warhafftige Zeitung. Von den Gottlosen Hexen..." by Martin Luther, Rheinhard Lutz, 1571, Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel  
Cover (...) "Warhafftige Zeitung. Von den Gottlosen Hexen..." by Martin Luther, Rheinhard Lutz, 1571, Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel

Luther and the Witches

"The punishability of maleficium was accepted as a universally binding and uncontested maxim in legal practice and criminal justice during the period of the Late Middle Ages, when Roman and Canon Law were adopted in addition to the civil law of the regions in a historical process that was termed 'Reception in the Common Law Courts'." 

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Peter Pietersz made his boat available for secret services. Image by Jan Luyken, 1685, Wikimedia Commons 
Peter Pietersz made his boat available for secret services. Image by Jan Luyken, 1685, Wikimedia Commons

Luther and the Baptists

The "Baptists" are not a homogeneous group. They share a rejection of infant baptism and instead advocate "baptism in faith", in which the person seeking baptism must testify to their beliefs.  

Given that this form of baptism is also performed on persons who have already received the sacrament as infants, the group is also known as Wiedertäufer in German, "Anabaptists" in English, and Doopsgezinde in Dutch. 

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"Heerpredigt D. Martin Luthers wider den Türken" by Martin Luther, Marcus Volmarius, 1593, Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek 
"Heerpredigt D. Martin Luthers wider den Türken" by Martin Luther, Marcus Volmarius, 1593, Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek

Luther and the Turks

On the one hand, the defeat of King Sigismund at Nicopolis in 1396 and in particular the conquest of Constantinople by Muhammad (Mehmed) II in 1453 intensified the effort to investigate the Ottoman Empire, the Turks and their religion.

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On the Jews and Their Lies (old german: Von den Jüden und Iren Lügen, today german: Von den Juden und ihren Lügen) by Martin Luther, 1543, Wikimedia Commons 
On the Jews and Their Lies (old german: Von den Jüden und Iren Lügen, today german: Von den Juden und ihren Lügen) by Martin Luther, 1543, Wikimedia Commons

Luther and the Jews

The Protestant Church in Hesse and Nassau (EKHN) added the following sentence to its statutes in 1991: "Called to repent for reasons of blindness and sin, the EKHN reaffirms that God has entered into a Covenant with the Jews as his eternally chosen people.  

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